A panoramic view of Persepolis. The move to oust the prime minister, he wrote, thus gained substantial popular support. In March ofa referendum was held regarding the new form of government to be established in Iran. Ceasefire July - Iran accepts a ceasefire agreement with Iraq following negotiations in Geneva under the aegis of the UN.
In the Tudeh communist party was banned after an assassination attempt on the Shah, and the Shah's powers were expanded. Through this coup, code-named Operation TP-Ajax, Mossadegh was deposed and a new government was installed in August Reza Shah had ambitious plans for modernizing of Iran, including large-scale industries, major infrastructure projects such as railroads, a national public education system, a reformed judiciary, and improving health care.
By JuneBani Sadr had lost the struggle and was impeached. Public education progressed rapidly, and new social classes-a professional middle class and an industrial working class emerged.
Iranian intelligence and the Hezbollah were behind the bombing of a Jewish center in Argentina. He was better able, through more benign policies, to reconcile his subjects to Persian rule; the longevity of his empire was one result. In the context of regional turmoil and the Cold War, the Shah established himself as an indispensable ally of the West.
The Russians were to enjoy exclusive right to pursue their interests in the northern sphere, the British in the south and east; both powers would be free to compete for economic and political advantage in a neutral sphere in the center.
Though speculation has been rife about imminent US or Israeli military strikes against Iran, every single one of those predictions has proven false so far. Resistance to the Shah, however, coalesced in several cities, and elsewhere. Mozaffar o-Din Shah was a weak and ineffectual ruler.
The shah's failed to respond to protests by the religious establishment, the merchants, and other classes and instituted Repressive measures. Apparently Saddam Hussein of Iraq saw a chance to make territorial gains at the expense of Iran, and perhaps to overthrow the regime of the Ayatollahs, which was seen as a threat both by conservative Sunni regimes such as Saudi Arabia and pan-Arab regimes like that of Saddam.
The IRGC was also used to foment revolution and "resistance" abroad, particularly in Lebanon, where it helped to found and train the Hezbollah. The Arak heavy water "research" reactor is of a type that can be used to create fissionable plutonium. Inthe USSR refused to announce a timetable to leave Iran's northwestern provinces of East Azerbaijan and West Azerbaijan, where Soviet supported autonomy movements had developed.
He tried to play off the imperial powers, Great Britain and Russia, to preserve Iran's independence, but he was not able to prevent Britain and Russia from encroaching into regions of traditional Iranian influence.
However, through reports of informants, it was discovered that Iran had additional nuclear projects that were concealed from the IAEA and the world. In the context of regional turmoil and the Cold War, the Shah established himself as an indispensable ally of the West. A period of government by Bakhtiari chiefs ensued until Ahmad Shah, who was 11 when he acceded to the throne, came of age.
On 4 June, President Khamene'i is appointed as new supreme leader. It also borders on Afghanistan and Pakistan in the east, and Turkey to the west. Bakhtiar eventually dled to France and was assassinated, probably by Iranian agents, in The cash was used by the USA to finance an equally illegal war against the Sandinista government of Nicaragua.
He introduced Western science, technology, and educational methods and began the modernization of Iran. The administration of President Barack Obama has pursued a policy of "engagement" with Iran, but that policy has thus far yielded no results either.
Slightly larger than the US state of Alaska, Iran covers million square kilometers (, square miles). Iran is a mountainous land, with two large salt deserts.
Iran has a long history of scholarship that has created a rich culture of art, literature, poetry, music, cuisine, and architecture. Ancient Iranian thinkers wrote influential texts on philosophy and medicine, and it was an Iranian mathematician who invented algebra. The history of Iran, commonly also known as Persia in the Western world, is intertwined with the history of a larger region, also to an extent known as Greater Iran, comprising the area from Anatolia, the Bosphorus, and Egypt in the west to the borders of Ancient India and the Syr Darya in the east, and from the Caucasus and the Eurasian Steppe in the north to the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman in the.
Iran (Persian: ایران Irān [ʔiːˈɾɒːn] (listen)), also known as Persia (/ ˈ p ɜːr ʒ ə /), officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (Persian: جمهوری اسلامی ایران Jomhuri-ye Eslāmi-ye Irān. Introduction - Iran and ancient Persia have a long, creative and glorious history. Unlike many other Middle East countries, Iran managed to remain independent throughout much of its history.
Today, Iran has a population of about 70 million persons. Principle ethnic groups are Persian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki and Mazandarani 8%, Kurd 7% and Arab 3%.
Iran is a Muslim country, with 89% Shi'a and - Alexander the Great of Macedon conquers the Persian Empire, founding a short-lived empire before dying in Babylon in - Most of Persia is part of the Greek-dominated (Hellenistic) Seleucid Empire, founded by a general of Alexander the Great.A short history of the country of iran